Where to Find Legal Definitions

Non-insolvency proceedings in which an applicant or creditor attempts to submit its claim to a debtor`s future wages. In other words, the creditor requests that part of the debtor`s future salary be paid to him for a debt owed to him. With respect to civil actions in “equity” and not in “law”. In English legal history, courts of “law” could order the payment of damages and could offer no other remedy (see damages). A separate “fairness” tribunal could order someone to do something or stop something (e.g., injunction). In U.S. jurisprudence, federal courts have both legal and just power, but the distinction is always important. For example, a jury trial is generally available in “legal cases,” but not in “fairness” cases. To define a legal term, enter a word or phrase below. A legal procedure to deal with the debt problems of individuals and companies; in particular, a case filed under one of the chapters of title 11 of the United States Code. Chapter 7 proceedings where a debtor withdraws a secured creditor`s priority in security by paying the secured creditor the value of the asset. The debtor can then retain ownership.

The legal power of a court to hear and decide a particular type of case. It is also used as a synonym for jurisdiction, i.e. the geographical area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to rule on cases. A court decision in a previous case with facts and points of law similar to a dispute currently pending in court. Judges generally “follow precedents,” that is, they use principles established in previous cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedents if a party can prove that the previous case was ill-decided or that it differs significantly from the current case. Instructions from a judge to the jury before it begins deliberations on the substantive questions to be answered and the legislation to be applied. A lawsuit in which one or more members of a large group or class of persons or other entities sue on behalf of the group as a whole.

The district court must determine that class actions contain questions of law or fact before the action can be brought as a class action. A trial without a jury, in which the judge serves as an investigator. Information presented in witness statements or in documents used to convince the investigator (judge or jury) to decide the case in favour of one party or the other. A debt owed by the debtor in certain circumstances, such as when the debtor is a co-signer of another person`s loan and that person does not pay. Legal dictionaries contain definitions of legal terminology and words in their legal sense or usage. They usually provide a brief definition in terms of cases and other sources of authority, and often give examples of the use of words in different legal situations. Black`s Law Dictionary is the leading legal dictionary in the United States. Legal dictionaries can be found in print and online sources. Secondary sources for “definitions” – primarily legal dictionaries – help researchers understand the terminology and words used in the text of primary legal sources.

Definitions in secondary sources do not represent an “authoritative” definition of a term, but help in the general understanding of a term. The Legal Dictionary also contains the People`s Law Dictionary by renowned authorities Gerald and Kathleen Hill. It includes definitions, context and use of over 3,000 terms. Considered by academics, lawyers, leading lawyers, and critics to be one of the most practical works of its kind, the People`s Law Dictionary is a comprehensive source of meanings and uses for thousands of today`s most common legal terms. It has received much praise for its scope and clarity. All shares of ownership of the debtor at the time of bankruptcy. The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor`s assets. A jury verdict that a criminal accused is not guilty, or a judge`s conclusion that there is insufficient evidence to support a conviction. The legal system that originated in England and is now used in the United States is based on the articulation of legal principles in a historical succession of judicial decisions. Common law principles can be changed by statute. 1. The process of questioning a witness` testimony.

For example, if the lawyer can prove that the witness fabricated parts of his or her testimony, the witness is called an “accused.” 2. The constitutional process by which the House of Representatives can “impeach” (charge) senior federal government officials, who are then convicted by the Senate. Search more than 10,000 legal words and phrases for clear plain language definitions. An easy-to-follow guide to the legal language of Merriam-Webster`s dictionary experts. The primary source for TheFreeDictionary`s legal dictionary is West`s Encyclopedia of American Law, Issue 2, which contains over 4,000 entries describing terms, concepts, events, movements, cases, and individuals relevant to U.S. law. A full-time lawyer hired by federal courts to legally defend defendants who cannot afford a lawyer. The judiciary administers the Federal Defence Counsel Programme in accordance with criminal law. The right as set out in previous court decisions. Synonymous with precedent. Similar to the common law, which stems from tradition and judicial decisions.

In criminal law, the constitutional guarantee that an accused receives a fair and impartial trial. In civil law, the legal rights of a person who is confronted with an adverse act that threatens liberty or property. Governmental body empowered to settle disputes. Judges sometimes use the term “court” to refer to themselves in the third person, as in “the court read the pleadings.” An action brought by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a claim that the defendant failed to comply with a legal obligation that caused harm to the plaintiff. A court order preventing one or more named parties from acting. An injunction is often issued to allow for a finding of fact so that a judge can determine whether a permanent injunction is warranted. Words and Phrases by West Publishing Co. is a multi-volume research tool, similar to a legal dictionary, as it contains legal definitions of words.

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