No Article Rules
Why is there no article in this sentence: “The library needs additional staff?”??? Many languages do not use articles (“a”, “an” and “the”), or if they exist, the way they are used may be different from that of English. Multilingual writers often find that using articles is one of the most difficult concepts to learn. While there are some rules for using items for help, there are also some exceptions. Therefore, it takes a long time to use the elements accurately. To master the use of articles, it is necessary to read a lot, pay attention to how articles are used in published texts and take notes that may relate to your own writing. As an indication, the following definitions and tables summarize the basic use of articles. Read on for a more detailed explanation of the rules and examples of how and when to apply them. In English grammar, the term null article refers to an occasion in speech or writing where a name or phrase is not preceded by an article (a, an or le). The null article is also called the null determinant. For example, if we are talking about water that has been spilled on the table, there may be one drop (singular) or two or more drops (plural) of water on the table.
The word drop in this example is a counting name because we can count the number of drops. Therefore, according to the name counting rules, the word drop would use the articles a or the. 1. We don`t usually use an article to talk about things in general. People and places are two groups of proper nouns that also require the use of zero articles, because in the following two examples, authors sometimes have difficulty choosing whether to include an article or omit it altogether. Keep in mind that if the name is singular, countable, and non-specific or generic (e.g., book, author), the articles “a” and “an” can be used. However, if the noun is countable and plural (e.g., “research studies”) or uncountable (e.g., “information”) and used in a non-specific or generic manner, no article is used. Sometimes it is possible to have a noun phrase without an article – the so-called “NULL article”. Here are some examples of sentences that show the ZERO article in context. Finally, there are some topics that occupy the null article but seem to have little reason to do so. These topics are: specific institutions, meals, and everything related to work, home, and bed: Rule #3 – All things or things in general: Don`t use items with plural counting nouns or non-counting nouns that mean all or in general.
2. We don`t use an article when we talk about sports and games. In English, there are three articles: a, an and the. Articles are used before nouns or nominal equivalents and are a type of adjective. The definite part (the) is used before a name to indicate that the identity of the name is known to the reader. The indefinite article (a, an) is used in front of a general name or when its identity is not known. There are certain situations where a name does not take an item. Here are some examples of sentences where the use of the article is unpredictable: Rule #1 – Specific identity unknown: Use the indefinite article a or an only with a singular name whose specific identity is not known to the reader.
Use a pre-noun that begins with a consonantal sound, and use a front noun that begins with a vowel. 6. Do not use an item before meal names if they refer to meals in general as part of the daily routine. Sometimes the use of articles in English does not follow any particular rules. Instead, these expressions must be memorized. 5. Do not use an article before station names if they are also place names. Although we have already explained that null articles are not used with singular names, sometimes it seems that this is simply not the case. However, as the following examples will show, such a situation can usually be explained using a different determinant instead of an article: I love rice in this restaurant. ← definite article For indefinite, uncountable names, either no article is used, or we use a word that describes the quantity, like some, considerable, little. For example: In the above examples, it is not that a null article has been used, but that some kind of determinant such as the demonstrative “that”, the number “one”, the possessive adjective “my” or the quantifier “arbitrary” is used in its place. Remember that the articles themselves are a kind of determinant and that there are no two determinants that can exist together in the same place.
Counted nouns are those that can form a plural, such as dog or cat. In their plural form, counting names are sometimes used without articles, especially when they are called generic. The same applies if the noun is plural, but of an indefinite number. Rule #2 – Known Specific Identity: Use the definite article with any noun (singular or plural, count or not) if the specific identity of the name is known to the reader, as in the following situations: There are also many idioms in English that contain nouns. Some of them also contain articles, others do not. To use the items correctly, you must first be able to tell if the name is countable (C) or uncountable (U). However, if we are talking about water that is usually poured on the table, it would not be appropriate to count one or two waters – there would simply be water on the table. Water is an uncounted name. Therefore, according to the rules that apply to uncounted names, the word water would not use an article or that, but not one. Below are the three specific rules that explain the use of defined and undefined elements.
The rule that generalizations take the article null explains its use with plural nouns. The following sentence examples take all plural nouns and are all generalizations about the objects or concepts to which these nouns refer: However, it would be quite ungrammatical to use the null article for singular nouns, as in the sentences “Give me Ø book” or “Do you have Ø spare chair?”. The ZERO article usually occurs in the following cases: To understand how items are used, it is important to know that names can be counted (can be counted) or uncounted (indefinite in quantity and not counted). In addition, counting nouns are either singular (one) or plural (more than one). Non-county names are always in the singular. First of all, it is important to note that in some contexts and situations, it is possible to use zero articles with both the plural and countless nouns, as shown by the following examples: In American and British English, no article is used before words such as school, college, class, prison, or camp when those words are used in their “institutional” sense. Good use of articles makes your writing more accurate and easier to read. Take a few minutes each week to practice reviewing articles in the texts you read to see which of the above rules applies. You can then start incorporating them into your own writing.
The fourth rule is that null articles are also used with many temporal expressions that take prepositions, such as “See you next weekend” or “Let`s meet on Monday”. Sometimes “a” or “an” may be used for the first mention (the first time the name is mentioned). Then, in the following sentences, the article “the” is used instead. 3. Do not use an item before the country name unless the name indicates that the country consists of smaller units or components. Biber et al. (1999) found that “the” is about twice as common as “one” or “one” in academic writing. This may be because authors at this level often focus on general ideas and categories (generic reference, usually not an article) and on specific references (specific reference, the article “the”). Use the – United Kingdom (United Kingdom), United States (United States of America), Republic of Ireland.
(Kingdom, state, republic, and union are nouns, so they need an article.) ◊ Sometimes an adjective comes between the article and the noun: In general, no articles with proper nouns, mass nouns where the reference is indeterminate, or plural account nouns where the reference is indefinite are used. In addition, no article is generally used to refer to means of transport (by air) or common expressions of time and place (at midnight, in prison). In addition, linguists have found that in regional varieties of English known as New Englishes, an article is often omitted to express non-specificity. In the following examples, no articles are used before the italics. In the book English Grammar, Angela Downing writes that “the most loose and therefore the most common type of generic utterance is that expressed by the null article with plural counting nouns or with mass nouns”. The last aspect of using the article in the English language is the null article.