Music Definition Ligature
Ligature — /ˈlɪgətʃə / (say liguhchuh) noun 1. the act of binding or binding. 2. Anything used to tie or tie, such as a ribbon, bandage or string. 3. a tie or binding. 4. Print, hand write a dash or bar that connects two letters. 5.
Print a.. Australian-English dictionary A character that visually combines multiple letters, such as æ, , ß, or ; also logo. Sometimes called typographic ligation. In musical notation, a ligature is a graphic symbol that requires a musician to perform two or more notes in a single gesture and on a single syllable. It was mainly used from about 800 to 1650 AD. The ligatures are characteristic of the neumatic (song) and mensural notation. The notation and meaning of ligatures have changed considerably throughout the history of Western music, and their precise interpretation is a subject of constant debate among musicologists. Over the next hundred years, the system of neumes with ligatures was greatly expanded to include a number of different patterns of rhythms and mellismas. Etymology: [L.
ligatura, fr. ligare, ligatum, liaison: cf. F. ligatur. cf. allié, league, legatur, responsible, ligament.] I found my arms and legs very firmly tied to the ground on either side; I also felt several fine ligatures all over my body, from my armpits to my thighs. by Gulliver. A notational treatise called De mensurabili musica was copied around 1260. In this treatise, the anonymous author suggested that, just as the poetry of the time was based on a series of modal rhythms, music should also be constructed in this way. The notation of these modes was achieved mainly through the use of ligatures of varying length and complexity, with rhythms derived from context. For most of their recorded history, this was the purpose of ligatures: to indicate the rhythmic mode.
 If you split the artery and a tube sinks in and ligates force on that part of the artery; Although blood passes freely through the tube, the artery will not strike under the ligature; But remove the ligature he will hit immediately. John Ray, on creation. A ligature is also a device that holds a reed on the mouthpiece of certain wind instruments such as the saxophone and clarinet. A ligature can be made of metal such as brass or leather.fr:Ligatur (music) pl:Ligatura (muzyka) Around 1250, a music theorist named Franco of Cologne published a treatise on music entitled Ars cantus mensurabilis. In this treatise, Franco suggested that the values of the notes be established objectively, so that when looking at the notated music, a musician can tell with a certain degree of certainty which notes have been sung or played and how long these notes last. Ligateures were also used for this, as they had been more or less standardized by practicing rhythmic modes. The ligatures have two basic shapes: box (rectangular) and oblique (angle). In addition, some ligatures have tails that point up or down; The direction of the tail of the ligature affects its meaning, unlike the direction of a tail on a modern note head.
Although mainly context-dependent, the ligature system used from the 13th to the 16th century is fairly standardized. All ligatures of this era have the following principles in common: The deadly noose fulfilled its function and squeezed the blood into his face with the strictest ligation. John Arbuthnot, J. Bull. When transcribing ancient works in modern notation, in which no composite graph exists as ligatures, editors usually indicate by a hook, a (loop) bracket or (less often in polyphonic music) a denigration/phrase the notes that the original has combined into a ligature. To avoid confusion, many scores that are transcribed only for performance do not include additional notation to indicate that a particular note originally belonged to a ligature, as most methods for showing this have distinct meanings in a performance ability. Ligateures were first used in the early notation of Gregorian chant through the use of neumes. A ligature (connection) between the neumes indicated a rhythmic connection between the notes. This system of notation ligatures was first codified in the 13th century by Johannes De Garlandia. In mensural notation, certain combinations of notes could be noted individually or linked together as ligatures. The decision to use or not to use a ligature allowed composers and writers to encode different types of musical meaning. It has long been recognized that ligatures can help show textual support, and scientists have also suggested that ligatures may clarify aspects of musical structure such as melodic and rhythmic patterns, phrasing, and articulation.
It is difficult to demonstrate broad applicability of these proposals, not least because they are based mainly on evidence from practical sources. Fortunately, there is more theoretical evidence for the purpose and function of ligatures than previously thought. While most evidence unsurprisingly indicates the textual meaning of ligatures, a considerable amount of theory from the early fifteenth to mid-sixteenth centuries shows that ligatures were also important in clarifying aspects of the mensural context and sometimes forcing perfection and change. The evidence leads us to rethink widely accepted assumptions about the meaning of ligatures and look beyond the textual underlay as the primary meaning, which may (or may not) be significant. Based on these findings, contextual analysis of notation can provide a clearer window into the concerns and priorities of composers and writers. In transcription in modern notation, where there are no composite graphs as ligatures, editors usually indicate notes combined in a ligature by means of a hook or (less often in polyphonic music) a denigration. In the composite symbols known as ligatures and the expected rhythms were indicated by standardized ligature patterns rather than individualized note shapes. The oldest terminology for rhythmic values, long (longa) and breve (brevis), was most likely derived from the vocabulary of metrics. (Read more about ligation notation in the.
Ligation — Ligation || lÉªgÉ tÊƒÉ™™(r) n. Act of seizure or attachment; cord used to tie or tie; something that connects or connects; Insult, curved line connecting notes (music); printed or written character consisting of two or more letters, or.. English Contemporary Dictionary In the 16th and 17th centuries, the use of ligatures became increasingly rare. Their presence was usually just an artifact of the printing tradition, rather than having an explicit meaning. Sand and gravel soils easily allow heat and moisture, for which they are not much better, since they let them pass too early and do not contract the ligature. John Mortimer, Husb. During the Renaissance in the 14th and 15th centuries, a system of musical notation known as white mensural notation was developed. This was the forerunner of modern musical notation and the first system in which the duration of notes was explicitly noted. As the rhythm is noted with the note heads, ligatures were only used when a single syllable of the song was spread over several notes. List of music themes — This page is a list of music-related articles.compactTOC NOTOC A a cappella ndash; Absolute pitch ndash; Accidental Ndash; Accompaniment; Ad libitum ndash; Adagio ndash; Addition of the ndash agreement; Additive rhythm ndash; Album ndash; Random…. Wikipedia ligature — /lig uh cheuhr, choor /, n., v., ligaturiert, ligaturierend.